Decision making is the heart of modern administration. According to M.T. Copeland, administration essentially is a decision making process.
These are the kinds of decisions that, once made cannot be canceled. Everything must always be decided impact for a long time to come. It is irrevocably committed when. No other means satisfactory to the chosen course a manager should never as an escape instant all-or-nothing general indecision. Example, when a launch button for a rocket is clicked.
These are decisions that can be changed completely, either before, during or after the agreed measures. These types of decisions can an error early in the process rather than perpetuate recognize. It can be used effectively for varying circumstances in which inversion is necessary. Example, Coca-Cola discontinued “New Coke” with a new formula was reintroduced Classic Coke to the market.
These types of decisions are not final until the first results appear and be satisfactory. It requires positive feedback before we decide on a course of action. It is useful and effective if proper process is not clear, but there is a general clarity on the meaning of the action.
Trial and Error
In this type of decision making, knowledge of past mistakes is derived. Some action is taken and tested if the results are positive, the action continues to run if the results appear negative, another course was adopted. Until the right combination takes place, this is the situation. It helps to support the manager and adjust plans continuously before the full and final commitment. It uses both positive and negative feedback before a plan of action. Example, trying out new medicines on animals in lab first.
Made by steps
Here, decisions are made in stages until the entire process. It allows close monitoring of the risk of collecting evidence comes from the outside and obstacles at every step. Allows for feedback and discussion before the next stage of the decision.
It allows time for unforeseen problems that arise later in the implementation can. Makers save their best efforts to adopt the right path. It helps to reduce the risk decision. While this may also limit the final earnings, it reduces some projects that seem too risky at first.
These types of decisions can be changed only if certain conditions are provided. It is an “either / or” nature of the decision kept all options open. He prepares to answer when the competition is a new movement, or if changes to the game plan drastically. It enables a rapid response to the changing realities of competitive markets. This is common in business and politics
These decisions will be queued until policymakers believe that the time has come. A green light will only be granted if the required elements are present. This prevents us from making a decision at the wrong time or until all the facts are known. It can sometimes lead to opportunities exemption demanding market, rapid action.
In the authoritative style of decision making, the decision comes from the top in a decisive way. When the CEO, the president or other leader has all the facts and is the undisputed expert on the topic or situation, he can arrive at a decision effectively. If there is untapped expertise or additional information available elsewhere, this kind of decision making process may not provide the best results.