Organizing is the function of management which follows planning. It is concerned with combining people, work to be done, and physical resources into a meaningful relationship to achieve organizational goals. All the three resources are important to get results. Therefore, organizational function helps in achievement of results which in fact is important for the functioning of a concern.
According to Chester Barnard, “Organizing is a function by which the concern is able to define the role positions, the jobs related and the co- ordination between authority and responsibility. Hence, a manager always has to organize in order to get results.
According to Theo Haimann, “Organizing is the process of defining and grouping the activities of the enterprises and establishing the authority relationships among them. In performing the organizing function, the manager defines departments and assigns activities so that they can be most effectively executed.”
In the words of Koontz and O’Donnell, “Organization involves the grouping of activities necessary to accomplish goals and plans, the assignment of these activities to appropriate departments and the provision of authority, delegation and co-ordination.”
Organization is the most important function of management, as success of an organization depends on it. We can say organizing is the process of grouping activities and identifying the responsibilities and achieving co-ordination among them. Thus, organizing is determination or identification of activities, subdividing & grouping these activities, creation of relationship among the working force, delegation of authority for attainment of maximum coordination.
The distinguished industrialist of America, Andrew Carnegie has shown his confidence in organization by stating that: “Take away our factories, take away our trade, our avenues of transportation, our money, leave nothing but our organization, and in four years we shall have re-established ourselves.”
That shows the significance of managerial skills and organization.
Purpose of Organizing
The purpose of an organization structure is to establish a form so that they may better work together to achieve the enterprises objectives. To establish a formal system of roles that people can perform means that the purpose of organizing is.
- Grouping of activities is necessary to attain objectives
- The assignment of each group to a manage with authority necessary to supervise it
- Creating coordination horizontally and vertically in the enterprise structure
Thus its purpose is to create a clear environment so that everyone knows as who is to do what, who is responsible for what results, to remove obstacles to performance caused by confusion and ensure certainty of assignment, to create an environment to achieve the efficiency of people towards the accomplishment of organization goals.