Writing is one of the many forms of communication; there are various styles of writing. It is essential that a person is able to communicate effectively through writing. It depends upon the author how to present his ideas, feelings, and attitudes to the problems he has undertaken explore.
Below are the four types of writing which are generally followed:
1. Narrative writing
This type of writing is one which we normally see in drama, fictional novels, plays, etc… A piece of narrative writing tells a story or a part of a story, either fictional or factual. To tell a story in a narrative style of writing, a writer uses the literary devices of plot, conflict, theme, setting, sequencing of events and transitions. Several different points of view may be used in conjunction with a narrative style: a first-person narrator tells the story from his or her perspective and an omniscient, third-person narrator reveals the thoughts and feelings of multiple characters.
2. Descriptive writing
Descriptive writing styles and techniques are used to portray something in such detail the reader can visualize it. A successful example of descriptive writing will set the mood with a dominant impression upon which the writer can build by adding sensory details. Descriptive writing hinges on the use of vivid versus vague language, varied sentence structure and the avoidance of cliches. When using a descriptive writing style, the writer strives to make the reader see, hear, feel, taste and smell the image the writer is creating. To draw a words cape, to give an account or describe an object process, situation, problem, etc
3. Explanatory writing
An expository style of writing is used to give information or to explain something to the reader in as clear a manner as possible. When using an expository writing style, the writer must assume the reader has no prior knowledge of the subject and must relay the information in a detailed and organized manner. Some of the literary devices used in expository writing include description, comparison, sequence, cause and effect, and problem and solution.
4. Persuasive Writing
A persuasive style of writing is used to present the facts of an issue and to argue a position for or against the issue, with the goal of persuading the reader to agree. This type of writing is frequently used in advertising and in other settings which involve trying to get a reader to accept a certain point of view. Persuasive writing utilizes the devices of detail, statements, quotations, anecdotes, statistics, facts and questions. The most effective uses of a persuasive style of writing conclude with a call to action that encourages the reader to not only accept the proposed point of view, but to act upon it.