Organizational behavior as the name suggests is the study of behavior of the people working in an organization. It involves understanding, predicting and controlling human behavior. In today’s dynamic and global work environment it is very important to understand and effectively manage the workforce, hence Organizational behavior becomes very critical to an organizations success.
Before we look at the meaning of organizational behavior, let us understand the meaning of organization. Organizations are group of people who work independently towards some purpose.
One of the key features of organization is that they are collective entities and consist of human beings (typically but not necessary employees). These people interact which each other in an organized way.
Let us look at some of the definitions of organizational behavior
It is the study and understanding of individual and group behavior and patterns of structure in order to help improve organizational performance and effectiveness
Organizational Behavior is the study of what people think, feel and do in and around organizations.
Its focus is on employee behavior, decisions, perceptions, and emotional responses. It looks at how individuals and teams in organizations relate to each other and to their counterparts in other organizations. OB also encompasses the study of how organizations interact with their external environments, particularly in the context of employee behavior and decisions. OB researchers systematically study these topics at multiple levels of analysis, namely, the individual, team (including interpersonal), and organization.
It is said that organizational behavior and management are synonymous as there is a close relationship between the two. However organizational behavior does not encompass the whole of management; it is more accurately described in the narrower interpretation of providing a behavioral approach to management.
All managers, besides their technical functions, have to deal with human beings, so they need to have the understanding of organizational behavior.