The entrepreneur who is a business leader looks for ideas and puts them into effect in fostering economic growth and development. Entrepreneurship is one of the most important input in the economic development of a country.
The nature of a developing economy is quite different from a developed economy. The developing economy can be an agricultural country moving towards the industrialization or it may be the one where in the industry may be in its infancy lacking advance technology.
The modern era is an era of changes. The whole world is becoming a village due to the industrial revolution and fast developing communication technology. The globalization of industry and commerce is bringing a vast change in various aspects of life.
Economic development of a country is the outcome of purposeful human activity. The modern era is an era of changes. The whole world is becoming a village due to the industrial revolution and fast developing communication technology. The globalization of industry and commerce is bringing a vast change in various aspects of life.
Economic development of a country is the outcome of purposeful human activity. Economic development is a highly dynamic process characterized by the pattern of demand shifts, new products are needed, appear for the production of goods within a country.
A developing country needs entrepreneurs who are competent to perceive new opportunities and are willing to incur the necessary risk in exploiting them. A developing economy is required to be brought out of the vicious circle of low income and poverty. Entrepreneur can break this vicious circle. Entrepreneurs and helping government can change a developing economy in developed economy.
Entrepreneurs not only give employment to the entrepreneur but also a source of direct and indirect employment for many people in a country. Unemployment is a chronic problem in most of the developing and underdeveloped countries. Entrepreneurs play an effective role in reducing the problem of unemployment in the country which in turn clears the path towards economic development of the nation
Entrepreneurial development is looked at as a vehicle for employment generation through promotion of small business. India, being far more developed and forward looking country than some of the third world countries, can provide lead to entrepreneurial development activities. However, India can benefit from the well- documented success experiences of developed countries like USA, Japan and UK in the field of employment generation and small business promotion.
Promotes Capital Formation
Entrepreneurs mobilize the idle funds which lead to capital formation. The funds which are used by entrepreneurs is a mix of their own and borrowed. This leads to creation of wealth which is very essential for development of an economy.
Small Business Plan Dynamism
Great dynamism is one of the qualities of the small and medium enterprises. This quality of dynamism originates in the inherent nature of the small business. The structure of small and medium enterprises is less complex than that of large enterprises and therefore facilitates quicker and smoother communication and decision- making. This allows for the greater flexibility and mobility of small business management. Also, small enterprises, more often make it possible for owners, who have a stronger entrepreneurial spirit than employed mangers, to undertake risk and challenges.
Balanced Economic Development
Small business promotion needs relatively low investment and therefore can be easily undertaken in rural and semi-urban areas. This in turn creates additional employment in these areas and prevents migration of people from rural to urban areas. Since majority of the people are living in the rural areas, therefore, more of our development efforts should be directed towards this sector. Small enterprises use local resources and are best suited to rural and underdeveloped sector
The growth of industries and business in these areas lead to a large number of public benefits like road transport, health, education, entertainment, etc… Setting up of more industries leads to more development of backward regions and thereby promotes balanced regional development.
Innovations in Enterprises
Business enterprises need to be innovative for survival and better performance. It is believed that smaller firms have a relatively higher necessity and capability to innovate. The smaller firms do not face the constraints imposed by large investment in existing technology. Thus they are both free and compelled to innovate.
Entrepreneurship development is accelerating the pace of small firm’s growth in India. An increased number of small firms are expected to result in more innovations and make the Indian industry compete in the international market.
Better standards of living
Entrepreneurs play a vital role in achieving a higher rate of economic growth. Entrepreneurs are able to produce goods at lower cost and supply quality goods at lower price to the community according to their requirements. When the price of the commodes decreases the consumers get the power to buy more goods for their satisfaction. In this way they can increase the standard of living of the people.
Entrepreneurs are the corner stores of national self-reliance. They help to manufacture indigenous substitutes to imported products which reduce the dependence on foreign countries. There is also a possibility of exporting goods and services to earn foreign exchange for the country. Hence, the import substitution and export promotion ensure economic independence and the country becomes self-reliance.
Facilitates Overall Development:
Entrepreneurs act as catalytic agent for change which results in chain reaction. Once an enterprise is established, the process of industrialization is set in motion. This unit will generate demand for various types of units required by it and there will be so many other units which require the output of this unit. This leads to overall development of an area due to increase in demand and setting up of more and more units. In this way, the entrepreneurs multiply their entrepreneurial activities, thus creating an environment of enthusiasm and conveying an impetus for overall development of the area